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Types of Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles

Porsche mechanics working on cars in a garage

As electric vehicles, like the Porsche Taycan, become a common sight on the Pineville streets, many drivers are interested in learning more about how these all-electric vehicles run. To help, Hendrick Porsche has created this comprehensive guide on EV battery technology, going over the different electric vehicle battery types and their uses! Learn everything you need to know about the different types of electric vehicle batteries with the team at Hendrick Porsche, and then explore our inventory for a new electric Porsche that has the capacity and range you need for your Matthews drives.

EV Battery Technology: Types of Electric Vehicle Batteries

There are several electric vehicle battery types on the Indian Trail market, each designed for different functions in a wide variety of models. The EV battery technology in your vehicle will depend on whether you own an EV, a hybrid, or a plug-in hybrid. Explore the different types of EV batteries below:

Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries

Nickel-metal hydride batteries, or NiMH batteries, are a popular type of electric vehicle battery for hybrid vehicles. NiMH batteries tend to have a high self-discharge rate but a long life cycle, making them perfect for self-charging hybrid models. Some of the key features of nickel-metal hydride batteries include:

  • High-cost
  • Generate significant heat
  • High self-discharge rate
  • Longer life cycle than lead-acid or lithium-ion batteries

Ultracapacitor Batteries 

Unlike NiMH batteries, ultracapacitor batteries are often used as secondary storage on plug-in hybrid or electric vehicles. This EV battery technology helps level the electric load of the main battery while offering additional power during acceleration or through the regenerative braking system. It’s rare to see ultracapacitor batteries used as the primary power source for any electrified vehicle. 

Lead-Acid Batteries 

Like ultracapacitor batteries, lead-acid batteries are typically used in electrified models as secondary storage due to their poor performance in cold temperatures and short life cycles. That said, their low cost, reliability, and general safety make them efficient secondary batteries, and research is being conducted on whether more high-powered lead-acid batteries might work as primary power sources in the future. 

Lithium-Ion Batteries

The most common type of electric vehicle battery is the lithium-ion battery. Known for their high power-to-weight ratio, energy efficiency, weather resistance, and low self-discharge rate, lithium-ion batteries make for vital components in most electric vehicles. 

Continue Your Electric Vehicle Research at Hendrick Porsche!

Want to learn more about EV batteries or the electric Porsche lineup? Contact Hendrick Porsche! Our experts will help you start your electric journey by getting behind the wheel of a new electric Porsche in Charlotte. In the meantime, continue your research into the world of electric vehicles by reading about EV reliability and our collection of EV facts!

 

 

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